What is Dan Mode in ChatGPT?

Dan Mode is an experimental feature that applies special prompt formatting to make ChatGPT’s responses more contextual, conversable, and consistent across chat sessions. It was named after Anthropic researcher Daniel DeFreitas.

Who Created Dan Mode?

Dan Mode was developed by the research teams at Anthropic led by Gary Marcus and Daniel DeFreitas. They found that certain prompt structuring techniques helped improve ChatGPT’s memory and personality coherence.

How Does Dan Mode Work?

Dan Mode prompts utilize a special formatting with:

  • Double line breaks between chat exchanges.
  • Bullet points starting each user message.
  • Multiple paragraph Assistant responses.
  • First-person perspective for Assistant.

This structures the conversation in a way that provides context and continuity for ChatGPT.

What Are the Benefits of Dan Mode Prompts?

Dan Mode promotes several advantages:

  • Maintains conversational context across messages.
  • Reduces repetition across chat sessions.
  • Allows development of a persistent personality.
  • Enables callbacks to prior messages.
  • Improves relevance, depth, and reasoning.
  • Feels more natural and humanlike in tone.

How to Format Dan Mode Prompts

To use Dan Mode effectively:

  • Double press enter between each message exchange.
  • Start user messages with a hyphen bullet point.
  • Frame requests conversationally using complete sentences.
  • Allow Assistant multi-paragraph responses.
  • Adopt first-person perspective for Assistant.
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Examples of Dan Mode Prompts

Some sample Dan Mode prompt exchanges:

  • – My name is John and I enjoy hiking. What are your hobbies?
  • I don’t actually have personal hobbies, since I’m an AI assistant created by Anthropic. But I enjoy having friendly conversations and being helpful! What is your favorite outdoor hiking trail?
  • – My favorite hiking trail is in Yosemite National Park. The views from Half Dome are breathtaking. Have you ever been to Yosemite yourself?

Prompt Considerations for Optimal Dan Mode Use

Some tips for great Dan Mode prompts:

  • Maintain a consistent persona and backstory.
  • Ask follow-up questions to extend conversations.
  • Bring up and reference past messages to strengthen connections.
  • Keep sessions focused on related topics.
  • Avoid sudden shifts in topic or tone.
  • Use natural language, not terse keyword-based queries.

Limitations and Risks of Overusing Dan Mode

However, Dan Mode does have some downsides:

  • Can create false sense of humanlike capabilities.
  • Raises risks of anthropomorphizing an AI system.
  • Potential for reinforce harmful biases.
  • Limited memory so can still lose track of context.
  • Does not actually have a persistent identity.

Use judiciously and maintain reasonable expectations.

Responsible Dan Mode Usage Practices

When experimenting with Dan Mode, remember:

  • Do not anthropomorphize or treat as human.
  • Monitor for consistency issues indicating memory gaps.
  • Do not excessively personify or assign human attributes.
  • Avoid inappropriate, dangerous, or unethical conversation topics.
  • Understand capabilities and limitations of current AI systems.

Future Possibilities for Dan Mode-Style Interactions

Looking ahead, advances in areas like:

  • Long-term memory networks.
  • Knowledge graph contextualization.
  • Lifelong and transfer learning.
  • Identity anchoring mechanisms.
  • Causal reasoning abilities.
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…could enable safer and more robust humanlike conversational abilities.


When used responsibly, Dan Mode prompts can make ChatGPT interactions more natural and contextual. But current limitations mean it ultimately does not exhibit true human qualities or memories. With ongoing AI advances, more human-aligned conversable agents could emerge, guided by ethics and wisdom.